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否定句中的非否定现象

作文网整理 2018-06-28 23:13:58

  1. can / could not … too 表示“无论怎样也不过分”。例如:
  You cannot be too careful when crossing the street. 穿越马路时,再怎么小心也不为过。
  You can never be too careful in performing an experiment. 做实验越仔细越好。
  2. can / could not be + enough 意为“无论怎么都不够”,表示强烈的肯定。例如:
  I cannot thank you enough. 我对你感激不尽。
  You can't be careful enough. 你越小心越好。
  3. too … not to 表示“太……不会不……”,具有肯定意义。例如:
  He is too careful not to have noticed it.
  他那么小心,一定会注意到这一点的。
  4. never too … to 是对 too … to 的再否定,表示肯定。例如:
  It's never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。
  5. not … for nothing 中, not 用来否定 for nothing ,从而加强了谓语的肯定意义。例如:
  He didn't study law for nothing. 他学法律并没有白费。
  Believe me, he did not fly into such a rage for nothing.
  请相信我,他勃然大怒是有原因的。
  6. nothing if not 表示“极其”,含强烈的肯定意义。例如:
  He was nothing if not clever. 他很聪明。
  The story was nothing if not interesting. 故事极其有趣。
  7. nothing less than 表示“完全是”,有肯定的含义。例如:
  What he said was nothing less than a lie. 他说的纯属谎言。
  His negligence was nothing less than criminal.
  他的粗心大意无异于犯罪。
  8. nothing but 表示“只有;只不过”,含肯定意义。例如:
  We could see nothing but water. 我们只看见一大片水。
  She does nothing but listen to records.
  她除了听唱片什么也不做。
  9. no 的否定意义很强,和具有否定意义的名词连用,来表示强烈的肯定。例如:
  She is no fool. (She is very clever.) 她绝不是傻瓜。
  There is no question that Mr. Smith is the boss.
  毫无疑问,史密斯先生就是老板。
  10. 双重否定表示强烈的肯定。例如:
  Nobody had nothing to eat. = Everyone has something to eat. 每个人都有吃的。
  11. not … until/till 表示“直到……才”,具有肯定的意义。例如:
  She didn't stop working until it was 12 o'clock last night.
  昨晚 12 点以前,她一直在不停地工作。
  12. “否定词 + so + adj. /adv. + as ”结构从反面表示“最”,是一种强烈的肯定。例如:
  It wasn't so bad as last time! 这次不像上次那么坏!
  None is so blind as those who won't see.
  没有比视而不见的人更瞎眼的了。
  13. 有些带否定词的短语,在使用时并不构成否定意义,即表示肯定意义。例如:
  He would go as soon as not. 他非常乐意去。
  As often as not the buses are late on foggy days.
  遇多雾天气时,公共汽车经常晚点。
  14. 否定的感叹句、疑问句常表示肯定意义。例如:
  Isn't this film interesting? 这电影难道没趣吗?
  Who doesn't enjoy reading The Dream of the Red Mansion?
  谁不喜欢看《红楼梦》呢?(人人都喜欢看《红楼梦》。)
  15. 以 why don't you do 和 why not do 开头的疑问句往往表示邀请、建议、指导等,具有肯定意义。例如:
  Why don't you introduce her to your parents?
  你为什么不介绍她给你父母认识?
  Why not come and see me tomorrow?
  明天找我怎么样?

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